A compost cone (pile)
In order to understand the importance of laying the compost mass in piles or cones, let’s try to penetrate into the essence of the composting process, even very simplistically. Very schematically, the process looks like this. The first to function are the microorganisms that live under ordinary temperature conditions, the humidification of straw and manure is the signal for them to start functioning. These «living creatures» begin feeding and multiplying, which is why energy in the form of heat is released. Next, it’s up to physics. When the amount of energy released by the microorganisms in the process of their vital activity is higher than the amount of lost energy, the compost’s temperature rises.
Screens used for laying the compost in a cone
The losses are possible when that energy is taken from the compost, in our case it happens when there’s excess air exchange in that mass. In other words, if the inside of compost pile is drafty, this kind of compost will never begin to function. It’s not difficult to guess, that the intensity of air exchange inside the mass of compost will depend on the shape and size of the piles, cones and clamps. In the beginning of the composting process, when the straw’s structure is hard and firm, the dimension of the piles should be much bigger, than in the end of the fermentation process, when the straw’s structure is much softer. This means that composting is an aerobic process which requires the presence of oxygen. Knowing how much, when and where is one of the main conditions of obtaining good compost. If there’s too much oxygen, the composting process simply will not begin, (perhaps because of this, the temperature of the compost pile’s surface doesn’t differ from the surrounding air temperature much), or the temperatures will be not high enough, which will result in great loss of organic matter. When there’s lack of oxygen, anaerobic processes will begin, which will negatively affect the compost’s quality.
The compost production technologist’s goal is to pick the optimal dimensions and shapes of piles, cones and clamps considering the straw’s quality, the compost’s structure, its humidity and the temperature of the air where that compost is made, and of course, the readiness of the compost. It’s important that the biggest volume of the compost pile functioned in an optimum performance. In order to control that, temperature must be measured in different parts of the compost. The most objective indicator is the formation of the «temperature section» of the pile, cone and clamp. All drawbacks at forming the piles, cones and clamps — nonuniform thickness, uneven surface, incorrect form, all this is reflected on the compost’s temperature.
Hi kindly share your formula using 1000kgs wheat straw and no chicken manure. Email shroomcoenterprise...Compost production: estimation of the process according...
Seyed Hoseini Iran:
????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????watering first flush mushrooms
Its best to water when pins are thumb size, increase air speed after watering so the surface of the mushrooms...Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...
Ritesh Sharma, Dholpur, Rajasthan India:
My email id ritesh@. We are coming up with 52 Mushroom...Compost production: estimation of the process according...
Usually paddy straw have a low structure.its have a fast degradable trait.so you have focus on your compost...Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...
JKSingh , Lucknow, India:
We have developed formulations of making compost without chicken manure. It yields similar or even better...Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...
JKSingh, Lucknow, India:
We have developed formulations of making compost without chicken manure. It yields similar or even better...Mushrooms in Kazahstan
Dr Muhammad Ibrahim:
Mushroom production in controlled Climate. I want to establish controlled climate in Pakistan. How this...watering first flush mushrooms