Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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Watering the compost in phase 1

Perhaps, one of the most important moments in 1st phase compost preparation is the content of water in it. To water or not to, if to water, then how much and when – these questions cause constant headache for a compost yard’s technologist. The situation becomes more complicated, because it’s hard to reform flooded compost, especially in winter time. At the same time, you can rarely manage without any watering at all, (we’re talking about watering aside from the humidification of straw at compost filling). Undoubtedly, it’s easier for the technologist to find a place for watering at the mixing process, having the compost’s humidity test results in his hands.

Besides, special attention should be paid to the choice of samples for the tests. For example, if a sample of compost is taken from the surface of a pile in winter, the results are always too high. The point is that when warm and humid air from the deep layers of compost passes through the upper, cold layer of compost, it is (the air) cools down greatly. As a result, a condensate is formed, which floods the upper layer of compost. In hot and dry time the opposite is observed – the upper layer of compost becomes too dry.

In practice, unfortunately, there isn’t always a possibility to test the compost on some farms. Often, the technologists must decide when to water based on only the visual evaluation of compost. There are several methods, which allow to this with sufficient accuracy in order to make a decision. It’s enough for the more experienced specialists to look at the compost pile to make a decision.

If the technologist decided to add water to compost, how better do it? It’s impossible to simply water the pile, cone or clump’s surface. Watering the surface is recommended at the 1st phase of composting outdoors, at summer time, when the compost dries up. To increase the whole mass of compost’s humidity, the compost must be watered while it’s mixed. That is why the compost is watered when it’s being mixed. The last correctional irrigation can be made before the compost is pasteurized.

Comments

amir ommati:

thx a lot for your best answer to my mr tsarev.
1-for your first qustion i saw mycogone in day 13...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Amir Ommati!
On which day after the application of peat to compost, the first signs of a mikogon...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouzi
You will be contacted by my partner. He is an Arab and you will be comfortable with him...

watering first flush mushrooms

linda:

sir pliz tell me about the irrigation requirements of the mushroom cultivated in plastic bags with straw...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Emmanuel Chimanga!
I'm sorry that I could not immediately answer you. The usual depth of...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouad Dagher
Tunnels of 2 phases (pasteurization) of compost are made at the location of the...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Ali Karim!
I apologize for not being able to answer you right away.
Please send more information...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Hai Nguyen!
The usual depth of the cover layer is 4-6 cm. Weight is 26-30 kg per 1 m2. It depends...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Shahar!
I do not use formalin for a long time. The best way to disinfect the growth chambers...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Tejpal!
These mites usually live in the feathers of chickens. If there was a lot of cold compost...

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