Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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The preparation of straw and its humidification at compost filling


The irrigation of straw at compost filling
The preparation of pressed straw starts from loosening the bales and retrieving the pack threads, which are used to press the straw. The pack treads which have not been retrieved, wind around the rotating parts of the machinery used and can damage this machinery. If the straw was rolled into reels, it has to be unrolled. In case of using short composting in phase 1, the straw has to be grinded. To uniformly and thoroughly wet the straw, it has to be laid into a layer uniform in height and thickness. The amount of straw in the layer depends on the technical capabilities of recycled water transmission.


Compost filling
Usually, in the technology of compost preparation, which we use, all these operations are carried out in the same place and time. For that, a line is created, which not only allows to unite the previous operations, but to apply the poultry manure right away, subsequently mixing it with a moist mass of straw and laying it in a cone of optimal dimensions.

Watering the straw at compost filling is the only situation, where the more water, the better. It is impossible to flood the mass of straw, which passes through the line, to an anaerobic condition. Moreover, the added dry poultry manure takes a part of water for itself. The situation that is most likely to occur, is that there wouldn't be enough water in the straw, and the obtained mixture of straw and manure is too dry, which will negatively affect the compost's activity beginning. The optimal humidity of that mass is 68-75%. The further 1st phase compost watering should be handled with care.


The equipment used for compost filling
It's easy to flood active compost, especially when the air temperatures are low. It's impossible to correct the situation, and the further work with this compost is hard.

To create a line for compost filling, the most modern foreign machinery along with the domestic agricultural technology can be used. It all depends on the volume of the necessary amount of compost and the abilities of the person interested in doing this job.

Comments

amir ommati:

thx a lot for your best answer to my mr tsarev.
1-for your first qustion i saw mycogone in day 13...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Amir Ommati!
On which day after the application of peat to compost, the first signs of a mikogon...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouzi
You will be contacted by my partner. He is an Arab and you will be comfortable with him...

watering first flush mushrooms

linda:

sir pliz tell me about the irrigation requirements of the mushroom cultivated in plastic bags with straw...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Emmanuel Chimanga!
I'm sorry that I could not immediately answer you. The usual depth of...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouad Dagher
Tunnels of 2 phases (pasteurization) of compost are made at the location of the...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Ali Karim!
I apologize for not being able to answer you right away.
Please send more information...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Hai Nguyen!
The usual depth of the cover layer is 4-6 cm. Weight is 26-30 kg per 1 m2. It depends...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Shahar!
I do not use formalin for a long time. The best way to disinfect the growth chambers...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Tejpal!
These mites usually live in the feathers of chickens. If there was a lot of cold compost...

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