Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

Русский Arabic

Subscribe to A. Tsarev articles



Long lace webs of hyphae. They carry water and nutrients from the mycelium to fruiting bodies and ensure fungi life under unfavourable conditions.

A rim left from sectional veil on brewits stalk.


An organism living on the remains of plants and animals turning organic matter into the inorganic one.

Fungi living on dead organic matter, mainly on the decayed parts of plants. Their feed by decomposing dead plant remains.

Sectional veil
The protective coat of fungi hymenium spanned from the cap edge and a stalk. As a fungi matures it tears to release formed spores.

Sowing mycelium
Sterilized wheat, rye or millet inoculated with mycelium germinated from spores or fungi tissue. It is delivered to mushroom-growers in special plastic bags or bottles.

(or mycelium), a typical fungi body found in substrate consisting of very thin interwoven branched web-like filaments (hypha).

The reproductive cells («seeds») of fungi, bacteria and plants.

(Lаt. sterilis)
Disinfection, the act of annihilating microorganisms with a high temperature, chemicals or by filtration.

A group of microporganisms (e. g. fungi) with its own peculiarities and strong points. (like a plant kind or an animal breed)

A compact pillow-like mass of mycelium, formed on the compost or cover mixture. It indicates that a mushroom will reproduce asexually.

(Lat. substratum)
The material on which mycelium grows (this can be a tree, soil, compost, grain, etc.).

Substrate dampness
(absolute humidity)
The degree of moisture in the substance expressed in %. The index is calculated according to the formula Humidity = (wet weight – dry weight)/dry weight*100%


The process of stowing substrate tightly. Note that substrate is not exactly tamped: e. g. while stowing compost into the substrate is compressed under 100kg/m pressure, i. e. slightly tamped.

The first stage
The first composting stage, during which raw materials are mixed, moistened and processed into the nutrient medium for growing mushrooms.

The second stage
The stage, during which mushroom compost is pasteurized and conditioned.

Thermal probe
A device for measuring the temperature in the compost

Microscopic organisms growing and reproducing at a rather high temperature (70ºС).

Simultaneous mass mushroom maturing.

Tedding a substrate pile while composting it and turning it upside down.


Laughing Larry:

Im using coconut coir and vermiculite
Its working well. Had some blue green fungal issues related...

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...


I was looking for a compost without chicken manure and this fucking blogger wrote an article about compost...

Mushroom spawn

Saleh Isslugi, Tripoli Libya:

Dear Mr. Paolo
Could you please send me information about your products including mushroom spawn...

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...

Shanghai, China:

We long time make compost without chicken manure.
What is your formula.
We use Amonium sulphate...

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...

Smruti Ranjan panda jagatsinghpur Orissa:

Hey....Nice comparison.. if you be helpful enough to share the details about the compost making without...

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...

Yadagiri, Coimbatore, tamilnadu, India:

Compost found green mould sr:12
What is couses green mould


Me pasa lo mismo


Hi Sir ! Sir after 8 day of spawning I found mites and larva at farm can you Pls suggest what can I do...

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...

Arti india:

Please let me know the option of nitrogen producing compost with out chicken,my mail id artidarda@gmail...


Thanks sir si nice of you

© 2003–2022 Alexander Tsarev

Designed by Volin&Petrova - создание сайтов и хостинг.