Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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A B C D

A

Absorption
(lаt. absorptio – sucking up)
The act of absorbing substances from a solution or a gas mixture by a solid or liquid. Unlike in the case of adsorption the process is going in the whole absorbent.

Acidity – рН
The quality of solutions and damp substrates characterized by the number of hydrogen irons in water.

Agar
A product extracted from algae and used as the nutrient medium for growing sterile cultures.

Agaric bed
A mass of substrate for agaric growing stacked in a special way. It can be stowed on the floor, in boxes, packets, etc.

Agaricales
The order of fungi with gill-hymenophore.

Agaricus bisporus
(lat.)
One of the few fungi species that are subject to cultivation. Moreover, cultivated agarics are more useful, tasty and aromatic than wild ones. The cap of new mushrooms is convex, mature mushrooms have flat caps up to 15 sm. in diameter. The edges are down-fold. The pellicle is usually white, cream or brown (then it has small scales). The underside of small mushrooms caps is covered with soft pellicle hiding pink gills which later grow dark-brown with a hue of violet. When torn the pellicle leaves a dark ring on a stalk. The flesh is sturdy, white turning pink when cut. The fungi have a delicious mushroom flavour.

Air humidity
(relative humidity)
The ration of the amount of water vapour actually present in the air to the greatest amount possible at the same temperature, expressed as percentage.

Antagonism
The ability of a fungus to restrain other organism’s growth or make it impossible by secreting certain substances in the growing mycelium.

B

Basidia
Sexual spore-bearing organ of basidial fungi which is mace- and sometimes tuber-like or elongated in form. Its surface can bear up to 4 spores (basidiospores).

Basidiomycetes
The class of fungi producing spores on basidias.

Block
A term standing for pressed and mycelium-sawn substrate (compost) mass packed in perforated plastic film.

C

Carpophore
The fruiting body of higher fungi (fungi stands for mushrooms here).

Clamp
A compost pile stowed stacked by a special tossing combine. It is about 2 m high and wide and may be more than 40 m long. A clamp are not to be packed too tightly, otherwise there will be no air circulation inside and microorganisms won’t grow actively enough.

Compost
(Germ. Коmроst)
The mixture of straw, dung or hens’ excrements and different organic or mineral fertilizers. The main source of nutrition for agaric mycelium.

Conditioning
To condition means to bring into line with set norms and standards. In mushroom-growing the term relates to aeration procedure (e. g. conditionong compost on pasteurizing it or conditioning growth-chamber to set fruiting bodies)

Cover layer
The layer of water-retentive materials mixture which is applied on the substrate to encourage fruiting bodies formation.

Crates
Containers for mushroom picking. They can be for one-time or many-times use. They are made out of plastic or carton.

D

Dimilin
A preparation for fly control.

Comments

amir ommati:

thx a lot for your best answer to my mr tsarev.
1-for your first qustion i saw mycogone in day 13...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Amir Ommati!
On which day after the application of peat to compost, the first signs of a mikogon...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouzi
You will be contacted by my partner. He is an Arab and you will be comfortable with him...

watering first flush mushrooms

linda:

sir pliz tell me about the irrigation requirements of the mushroom cultivated in plastic bags with straw...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Emmanuel Chimanga!
I'm sorry that I could not immediately answer you. The usual depth of...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouad Dagher
Tunnels of 2 phases (pasteurization) of compost are made at the location of the...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Ali Karim!
I apologize for not being able to answer you right away.
Please send more information...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Hai Nguyen!
The usual depth of the cover layer is 4-6 cm. Weight is 26-30 kg per 1 m2. It depends...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Shahar!
I do not use formalin for a long time. The best way to disinfect the growth chambers...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Tejpal!
These mites usually live in the feathers of chickens. If there was a lot of cold compost...

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