Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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Spawning

At spawning, the technologist of a mushroom farm must undeviatingly execute two necessary conditions. Uniformly distribute the mycelium throughout the mass of compost and abide by the standards and requirements of sanitation and hygiene.

A uniform distribution of mycelium throughout the mass of compost is a guarantee for a uniform mycelium growth in the compost and measures that prevent over-heating of its separate areas.

The uniformity in mycelium distribution throughout the compost is achieved by many ways. For example, at using a machine to unload pasteurized compost from a pasteurization tunnel, mycelium is preliminary uniformly distributed on the whole surface of compost in the tunnel. As the compost is unloaded, the mycelium mixes with it. Also, with the help of an unloading machine, mycelium can be planted into the compost with the help of a special spawning bunker.

At planting the mycelium into the compost by hand the following rule must be used. As often as possible maintain the expenditure of mycelium and compost, and if an over-expenditure of a component happens, adjustments must be made in increasing or decreasing the expenditure of one of the components.

The importance of sanitation and hygiene at spawning cannot be overestimated. The infection of compost on this technological stage by pests and diseases, practically always leads to a serious crop loss. It’s especially dangerous when mycelium is grown in a mass, that is, while carrying out phase 3 in a tunnel. To escape this kind of mishaps on a mushroom farm, there is a program on sanitation and hygiene that includes the plan of various arrangements of technical and administrative sense that maintain the cleanliness on this farm. The manager’s goal is to demand strict abidance to the requirements of this program, beginning from himself.

Comments

Shaurya:

Thanks sir si nice of you

James:

What can I use as a substitute for peat moss as casing soil? I thick layer of mycelia known as stroma...

Compost production: estimation of the process according...

sean toronto ontario canada:

Can you help me understand the plenum in the aerated tunnel? I need to know what calculations i need...

Mushrooms in Kazahstan

Muhammad Abbas, Peshawar, Pakistan:

Assalam-o-Alaikum!
Hi!
I would like to serve my services for Kazakhstan mushroom companies or Russian...

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...

shahbaz h.:

It looks good ,but how about production i.e mushroom kg/m2

Without chicken manure compost? Yes, it's possible...

Rajeev gupta:

Please Let me know the alternative used for Compost in place of chicken manure

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Arkansas, U.S.:

What size bags are used in the pictures and where is a good place to source them?

How long can mushrooms be kept fresh?

U.Harsha vardhan, Nellore,Andhra pradesh:

How to prevent inked caps in mushrooms

Proteins in compost at the end of phase II

Shaurya india:

I also agree with sir basic thi g is ti perform the phase 2 as per protocol rest observe it and done

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