Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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Purchasing the mycelium, its transportation and storage

Very often, mushroom growers, especially beginners, plan on having a mycelium production along with mushroom production in the same enterprise. It's practically always a dead-end. High-quality mushroom mycelium production is a production that is difficult enough to be moved to a separate enterprise. Mushroom growers have only two choices: buying mycelium form specialized enterprises (or from their dealers), or buying ready compost that has been spawned in these enterprises. By the way, there aren't many enterprises of that kind. Mycelium from these enterprises is of a very good quality, and from it we were able to cultivate 300 and more kilograms of mushrooms on a ton of compost. A yield of 200-250 kilograms of mushrooms per ton of compost using this mycelium is guaranteed. Considering the cost, which is two times lower than the cost of imported mycelium, it can be said that the mycelium of these enterprises is able to meet competition with mycelium from overseas.Very often, mushroom growers, especially beginners, plan on having a mycelium production along with mushroom production in the same enterprise. It's practically always a dead-end. High-quality mushroom mycelium production is a production that is difficult enough to be moved to a separate enterprise. Mushroom growers have only two choices: buying mycelium form specialized enterprises (or from their dealers), or buying ready compost that has been spawned in these enterprises. By the way, there aren't many enterprises of that kind. Mycelium from these enterprises is of a very good quality, and from it we were able to cultivate 300 and more kilograms of mushrooms on a ton of compost. A yield of 200-250 kilograms of mushrooms per ton of compost using this mycelium is guaranteed. Considering the cost, which is two times lower than the cost of imported mycelium, it can be said that the mycelium of these enterprises is able to meet competition with mycelium from overseas.


A bag of mycelium


Grain mycelium
Mycelium production overseas is mainly concentrated in four enterprises. That's «Amycel», «Le-Lion», «Italspawn» and «Sylvan». Unfortunately, in Russia there are only representatives of the «Sylvan» firm. Undoubtedly, the imported mycelium's potential is higher than that of our mycelium. But, in Russia there are practically no industries that are able to create all conditions for a 100% use of the imported mycelium potential. And in order to get a yield of 15-20 kilograms per square meter, a cheaper native mycelium is suited. But of course the final decision in choosing mycelium belongs to the mushroom grower. We just want to emphasize that the use of imported mycelium of the highest quality and price, doesn't guarantee a high yield. Furthermore, in order to open its greatest abilities, it will require a more serious attitude toward the process of mushroom cultivation and compost preparation.

Closed transport is used for mycelium transportation – this transport has to be cleaned and disinfected beforehand. At transportation over long distances, it's best to use machines with cooling equipment, so that the mycelium doesn't warm up while it's transported. The boxes of mycelium should be put on trays, leaving a little gap between them for ventilation.

Mycelium is stored in a cold store equipped with automation to maintain the specified temperature of 0 -2 degrees Celsius (up to 5 degrees). The mycelium storage time is usually 3 months. But there were times when mycelium that was stored for about a year was spawned and that gave a pretty good yield. There were situations when mycelium that has been frozen to -13 degrees was spawned. There were mushrooms too, but doing this in an industrial mushroom production isn't advisable.

Comments

amir ommati:

thx a lot for your best answer to my mr tsarev.
1-for your first qustion i saw mycogone in day 13...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Amir Ommati!
On which day after the application of peat to compost, the first signs of a mikogon...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouzi
You will be contacted by my partner. He is an Arab and you will be comfortable with him...

watering first flush mushrooms

linda:

sir pliz tell me about the irrigation requirements of the mushroom cultivated in plastic bags with straw...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Emmanuel Chimanga!
I'm sorry that I could not immediately answer you. The usual depth of...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouad Dagher
Tunnels of 2 phases (pasteurization) of compost are made at the location of the...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Ali Karim!
I apologize for not being able to answer you right away.
Please send more information...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Hai Nguyen!
The usual depth of the cover layer is 4-6 cm. Weight is 26-30 kg per 1 m2. It depends...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Shahar!
I do not use formalin for a long time. The best way to disinfect the growth chambers...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Tejpal!
These mites usually live in the feathers of chickens. If there was a lot of cold compost...

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