Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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Introduction

Hygiene is the most important method for protection against pests and diseases and includes all measures that are necessary to prevent any possibility for the pathogenic organisms to appear, develop and spread on the mushroom farm. The basic measures to control pest and diseases and prevent their appearance are:

  • The prevention of appearance and development of pathogenic organism populations inside and outside the farm. Thus reducing the chances for pests and diseases to get inside the growing rooms.

  • The prevention of the entrance of diseases and insects into the growing rooms being carried by personnel, machinery, equipment and tools, through cracks and openings.

  • The prevention of development of the already existing pathogenic organism populations by carrying out the technological operations properly (proper pasteurization, proper casing layer preparation etc.), that is, the obtaining of source materials that are free of diseases.


The rate of pest and disease development can be affected by using specific methods of protection. They are divided into the following: cultivation methods, chemical and biological methods. The first two methods are the most important for mushroom production.

The cultivation methods are, for example; proper pasteurization; correct climate regulation to ensure an optimal mycelial growth. This decreases the undesirable development of competing fungi, mites and sciarid flies etc. to a greater extent.

The chemical methods of protection include the use of insecticides, fungicides and bactericides and also disinfectants such as formalin.

But it’s important to remember that the prevention of diseases is always better and cheaper then fighting them. In order to prevent the spreading of pathogenic organisms in all growing rooms, it’s important to observe the following rules:

  • Use sporofilters;

  • Disinfect equipment, tools, footwear etc;

  • Wear clean, disinfected clothes;

  • Control insects, using various kinds of traps;

  • Use disinfected (and not simply clean) crates for mushrooms, buckets etc.;

  • Adhere to the rules of job division (for example, begin the mushroom harvest in the newer rooms and finish in the older ones etc.);

  • Disinfect all growing rooms in good time;

  • Carry out proper steaming of the growing room in the end of the cultivation cycle;

  • Immediately remove spent compost and other wastes from the mushroom farm.

Comments

amir ommati:

thx a lot for your best answer to my mr tsarev.
1-for your first qustion i saw mycogone in day 13...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Amir Ommati!
On which day after the application of peat to compost, the first signs of a mikogon...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouzi
You will be contacted by my partner. He is an Arab and you will be comfortable with him...

watering first flush mushrooms

linda:

sir pliz tell me about the irrigation requirements of the mushroom cultivated in plastic bags with straw...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Emmanuel Chimanga!
I'm sorry that I could not immediately answer you. The usual depth of...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouad Dagher
Tunnels of 2 phases (pasteurization) of compost are made at the location of the...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Ali Karim!
I apologize for not being able to answer you right away.
Please send more information...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Hai Nguyen!
The usual depth of the cover layer is 4-6 cm. Weight is 26-30 kg per 1 m2. It depends...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Shahar!
I do not use formalin for a long time. The best way to disinfect the growth chambers...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Tejpal!
These mites usually live in the feathers of chickens. If there was a lot of cold compost...

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