Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

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The Urals – compost and mushrooms

31 июля 2013

Chelyabinsk Oblast, mushroom farm

In May of 2012 representatives of some well-known local organization from Chelyabinsk invited me to meet and discuss compost production and mushrooms cultivation in industrial scale. The result of the interesting and fruitful conversation was the Program of mushroom production development in the Ural Federal District; the first stage was construction of a button mushroom complex with the full cycle for 600 tons of mushrooms a year, not far from Chelyabinsk. The main condition of the implementation of the Program is to base upon the most advanced technologies of compost production and mushroom cultivation.

The future mushroom complex
In order to solve this problem, two main case scenarios were considered.

The first one is to use tried-and-true methods. In other words, to turn to a foreign company, to pay a “stratospheric” price, and to believe that the attracted foreign specialists would create mushroom production in Russia, which could compete with European mushroom producers (truly, there are no limits to naivety!) False convenience of this approach gets cancelled completely by its cost (especially in case of large production volumes). But the main thing is that following the example of the Dutchmen, we only see their backs. This fact is confirmed by the numerous examples when projects based on technologies of the past ages were offered at large prices.

The second scenario is to gather a team of “brains”, capable of expanding the information on mushroom production given by specialists into a unique project, which allows not only to keep up with the Western advanced mushroom-producers, but also to seize the initiative in determining the future Russian mushroom production. This will help not to be dependent on Holland, Poland and other countries, on their true commercial interests, mood changes, etc., which are conditioned to the perception of our country at the level of African countries (we speak on mushroom production).

The most important moment of such an approach is choosing a specialist who can give all necessary information on compost production, mushroom cultivation, and creation of these production operations. A specialist who has knowledge based on longstanding experience of practical work on mushroom production under different conditions. A person who can serve as a mastermind and a thought leader of the team implementing the project.

The management of the mentioned above organization decided to choose the second way after having analyzed the results of our communication.

To create mushroom production, an available room – a former workshop with an adjoining warehouse – was given. The size is 42x72 meters. The result of the team work is the project which enables to fit compost production and mushroom cultivation for 600 tons a year on such a small area.

During the work on the project, the drafting three-dimensional modeling technology with exporting results to AutoCAD and other systems of computer-assisted design was mastered. This gave an opportunity to dramatically reduce terms of design and issue of implementation drawings.

Generally, the whole project became possible due to application of a whole complex of technological novelties developed by me during last years.

For example, for the first time the 1st composting phase will be completely controlled according to temperature modes and oxygen concentration, and this minimizes dry matter loss and radically reduces terms of composting. In this respect, the design of bins contributes to high homogeneity of compost. These technological nuances will maintain stable quality of compost at any time of a year at the same term of the 1st phase less than 2 weeks, including straw soaking. To add to this, the design of bins allows using fans, where operating pressure is several times lower than the recommended one for bins of the 1st phase. And at some temperatures of compost, it is possible to operate with natural draft. In other words, without fans.

During the second phase several novelties are planned to be introduced – using warmth, produced by compost for delivery air heating during winter time, possibility of controlling ready-made compost humidity, controlling fan pressure and efficiency.

Speaking simply, for readers, not versed in mushroom production, it is quite possible that this technology will be applied for the first time ever.

In the mushroom cultivation area there are also a lot of interesting technological solutions on climate in growing rooms.

Currently construction works started in the building of the future complex.

Dear visitors, it is quite possible that many of you will remember the saying “Count your chickens before they are hatched” while reading this article. I would say that we do and will do the best to have something to count, and there are reasons to be sure that hopes we stake on this complex will become a reality.

Growing rooms will be here

The composting area will be here

Pouring floors for growing rooms

Ready-made floor

Preparation of concrete pouring for a circulating water container

Construction of the first-phase bunkers

A model of pasteurization tunnels

A model of pasteurization tunnels
Three-dimensional drafting modeling speeds up the process of complex designing


amir ommati:

thx a lot for your best answer to my mr tsarev.
1-for your first qustion i saw mycogone in day 13...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Amir Ommati!
On which day after the application of peat to compost, the first signs of a mikogon...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouzi
You will be contacted by my partner. He is an Arab and you will be comfortable with him...

watering first flush mushrooms


sir pliz tell me about the irrigation requirements of the mushroom cultivated in plastic bags with straw...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Emmanuel Chimanga!
I'm sorry that I could not immediately answer you. The usual depth of...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Fouad Dagher
Tunnels of 2 phases (pasteurization) of compost are made at the location of the...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Ali Karim!
I apologize for not being able to answer you right away.
Please send more information...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Hai Nguyen!
The usual depth of the cover layer is 4-6 cm. Weight is 26-30 kg per 1 m2. It depends...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Shahar!
I do not use formalin for a long time. The best way to disinfect the growth chambers...

Царев Александр Владимирович:

Dear Tejpal!
These mites usually live in the feathers of chickens. If there was a lot of cold compost...

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