Alexander Tsarev
Mushroom industry

Arabic

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A few words about compost.

The success in mushroom cultivation is directly related to how deliberate the meaning of compost in these mushrooms lives is. Understanding the importance of the composts role begins from the realization that a compost heap is not simply a physical mixture of moist straw and poultry manure. For the endless number of microorganisms that live in the compost, it is the whole world, compared to the meaning of the Universe for humankind, moreover, the laws of development and the structure principles are most likely the same, because both are parts of a single whole. One of the differences between these substances is that we create the compost form of life for a specific intent creating a habitat for mushroom mycelium and the conditions for its vital activity: nutrition, growth and propagation. But the question of why the human world was created remains unanswered.

On the assumption of aforesaid, its easy to conclude that the primary basis of a high profitability of a mushroom industry is high-quality compost, which is maximally suitable for the mushrooms life. The preparation of this compost is possible only if the production of compost is sensible and serious. That is: timely and high-quality work execution according to the adopted technology, quality of the raw materials and the compost control, constant work on an improvement of the qualification of the compost buildings workers, regular keeping of necessary records and documentation.

The preparation of high-quality compost is practically impossible, when the compost is considered manure, or something even more unsightly.
Lets try to look at this philosophy from a different point of view.
First what is good and high-quality compost? It seems like its something that supplies the mushrooms with the most important in life nutrition. The dry material of mushrooms consists mostly of organic matter. Therefore, mushrooms require organic matter, and the more of it there is in the compost, the bigger will be the mass of grown mushrooms. On the other hand, how do mushrooms feed? A well-known fact is that mushrooms have no teeth, so they can only consume food dissolved in water. Water is an essential condition for a mushrooms life (and not only). Yet, what can hold the water in the compost? The same organic material. This means were interested in its preservation from this angle also.

What does only for mushrooms mean? It means that its necessary to get rid of any excess materials that can be used for food by the mushrooms competitors other microorganisms. Excess materials are also understood as easy accessible carbohydrates. A mushroom industrys technologists goal is to use the energy of this available nutrition for compost preparation, and not climb into a potential nutrition for mushrooms. Also, the execution of this condition gives a significant increase in the release of prepared compost from a ton of straw.
A second thing that must interest any compost producer is the reduction of the first phase of composting time-limits, which promotes the increase in the efficiency of compost houses. And theres something to strive for.

Modern technology for compost preparation allows the obtaining of high-quality compost in less than two weeks.
The last thing to think about before starting with the production, is the decrease of the manufacturing cost of a ton of compost. That means to maximally simplify the technological process and to pick the optimal combination of the machinery use and hand labour. The cost of machinery can differ also, and the more expensive machinery doesnt always guarantee high-quality compost.

Comments

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Delhi:

I am new to Button Mushroom though I have done the technical course from DMR, Solan HP
I want you...

Compost Production. Personal opinion(Part 2)

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amir ommati:

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